Allies of World War II

Allies of World War II
United Nations
Military alliance
1939–1945

The "Big Four":

Occupied countries with governments-in-exile:

Other Allied combatant states:

Former Axis Powers or co-belligerents:
Capital Not specified
Political structure Military alliance
Historical era World War II
 •  Established 1939
 •  Disestablished 1945
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Allies of World War I
United Nations
NATO
Warsaw Pact Warsaw Pact Logo.svg
FIAV historical.svgThe "United Nations Honour Flag", used as a symbol of the wartime Allies, ca. 1943–1948
Three men, Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill, sitting together elbow to elbow
The Allied leaders of the European theatre: Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meeting at the Tehran Conference in 1943
Three men, Chiang Kai-shek, Roosevelt and Churchill, sitting together elbow to elbow
The Allied leaders of the Asian and Pacific Theater: Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill meeting at the Cairo Conference in 1943
United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and their advisors in the Casablanca Conference, 1943

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945). The Allies promoted the alliance as seeking to stop German, Japanese and Italian aggression.

At the start of the war on 1 September 1939, the Allies consisted of France, Poland and the United Kingdom, and dependent states, such as British India. Within days they were joined by the independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth: Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa.[1] After the start of the German invasion of North Europe till the Balkan Campaign, the Netherlands, Belgium, Greece, and Yugoslavia joined the Allies. After first having cooperated with Germany in invading Poland whilst remaining neutral in the Allied-Axis conflict, the Soviet Union perforce joined the Allies in June 1941 after being invaded by Germany. The United States provided war materiel and money all along, and officially joined in December 1941 after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. China had already been in a prolonged war with Japan since the Marco Polo Bridge Incident of 1937, but officially joined the Allies in 1941.

The alliance was formalised by the Declaration by United Nations, from 1 January 1942. However, the name United Nations was rarely used to describe the Allies during the war. The leaders of the "Big Three" – the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States – controlled Allied strategy; relations between the United Kingdom and the United States were especially close. China and the Big Three were referred as a "trusteeship of the powerful",[2] then were recognized as the Allied "Big Four" in a Declaration by United Nations[3] and later as the "Four Policemen" of the United Nations.

In 1945, the Allied nations became the basis of the United Nations.[4]

  1. ^ Davies 2006, pp 150–151.
  2. ^ Doenecke, Justus D.; Stoler, Mark A. (2005). Debating Franklin D. Roosevelt's foreign policies, 1933–1945. Rowman & Littlefield. 
  3. ^ Hoopes, Townsend, and Douglas Brinkley. FDR and the Creation of the U.N. (Yale University Press, 1997)
  4. ^ Ian C. B. Dear and Michael Foot, eds. The Oxford Companion to World War II (2005), pp 29, 1176

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