Bern

Bern
Berne
Aerial view of the Old City
Aerial view of the Old City
Coat of arms of BernBerne
Coat of arms
BernBerne is located in Switzerland
BernBerne
Bern
Berne
Location of Bern
Berne
Karte Gemeinde Bern 2017.png
BernBerne is located in Canton of Bern
BernBerne
Bern
Berne
Bern
Berne (Canton of Bern)
Coordinates: 46°57′N 7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450Coordinates: 46°57′N 7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Country Switzerland
Canton Bern
District Bern-Mittelland administrative district
Government
 • Executive Gemeinderat
with 5 members
 • Mayor Stadtpräsident (list)
Alec von Graffenried GFL
(as of January 2017)
 • Parliament Stadtrat
with 80 members
Area[1]
 • Total 51.62 km2 (19.93 sq mi)
Elevation (Bahnhofplatz) 540 m (1,770 ft)
Highest elevation (Könizberg) 674 m (2,211 ft)
Lowest elevation (Aare near to Eymatt) 481 m (1,578 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 133,115
 • Density 2,600/km2 (6,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s) English: Bernese, German: Berner(in), French: Bernois(e)
Postal code 3000–3030
SFOS number 0351
Localities Altenberg, Aaregg, Bümpliz, Bethlèhem, Beudenfeld, Bottingen, Breitenrain, Breitfeld, Brunnadern, Bottingen, Dählhözli, Engeried, Gäbelbach, Grosser Bremgartenrwald, Gryphenhübeli, Felsenau, Holligen, Innere Stadt, Kirchenfeld, Könizbergwald, Länggasse, Lorrain, Muesmatt, Murifeld, Neufeld, Sandrain, Schosshalde, Spitalacker, Stöckacker, Tiefenau, Wankdorf, Weissenbühl, Weissenstein
Surrounded by Bremgarten bei Bern, Frauenkappelen, Ittigen, Kirchlindach, Köniz, Mühleberg, Muri bei Bern, Neuenegg, Ostermundigen, Wohlen bei Bern, Zollikofen
Website www.bern.ch
SFSO statistics

The city of Bern (German: [bɛrn] (About this sound listen)) or Berne (French: [bɛʁn]; Italian: Berna [ˈbɛrna]; Romansh: Berna About this sound [ˈbɛrnɐ]; Bernese German: Bärn [b̥æːrn]) is the de facto capital of Switzerland, referred to by the Swiss as their (e.g. in German) Bundesstadt, or "federal city".[3][note 1] With a population of 142,479 (December 2017), Bern is the fourth-most populous city[citation needed] in Switzerland.[4] The Bern agglomeration, which includes 36 municipalities, had a population of 406,900 in 2014.[5] The metropolitan area had a population of 660,000 in 2000.[6] Bern is also the capital of the canton of Bern, the second-most populous of Switzerland's cantons.

The official language in Bern is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the most-spoken language is an Alemannic Swiss German dialect, Bernese German.

In 1983, the historic old town (in German: Innere Stadt) in the centre of Bern became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Bern is ranked among the world’s top ten cities for the best quality of life (2010).[7]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ Holenstein, André (2012). "Die Hauptstadt existiert nicht" [The capital does not exist]. UniPress (in German) (UniPress 152: Die Hauptstatdtregion). Berne: University of Berne: 16–19. doi:10.7892/boris.41280 (inactive 2017-08-26). Als 1848 ein politisch-administratives Zentrum für den neuen Bundesstaat zu bestimmen war, verzichteten die Verfassungsväter darauf, eine Hauptstadt der Schweiz zu bezeichnen und formulierten stattdessen in Artikel 108: «Alles, was sich auf den Sitz der Bundesbehörden bezieht, ist Gegenstand der Bundesgesetzgebung.» Die Bundesstadt ist also nicht mehr und nicht weniger als der Sitz der Bundesbehörden. 
  4. ^ "Aktuelles — Stadt Bern (Bern in Zahlen)". Retrieved 2017-03-29. 
  5. ^ "Population size and population composition – Data, indicators – Agglomerations: Permanent resident population in urban and rural areas". www.bfs.admin.ch (Statistics). Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel, Swiss Federal Administration. 2015. Retrieved 2015-09-01. 
  6. ^ "Office fédéral du développement territorial ARE – B3: Les aires métropolitaines". www.are.admin.ch (in French, German, and Italian). Federal Office for Spatial Development ARE. 7 June 2006. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "''Quality of Living global city rankings – Mercer survey''". Mercer.com. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 


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