Kingdom of Württemberg

Kingdom of Württemberg
Königreich Württemberg
Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire
(1805–1806)
Member of the Confederation of the Rhine
(1806–1813)
Member of the German Confederation
(1815–1866)
Federal State of the German Empire
(1871–1918)
1805–1918
Motto
Furchtlos und treu
"Fearless and loyal"
Anthem
Württemberger Hymne
"Württemberg Anthem"
The Kingdom of Württemberg
within the German Empire before 1918
Capital Stuttgart
Languages Swabian German
Religion Protestant
Roman Catholic
Government Constitutional monarchy
King
 •  1805–1816 Frederick I
 •  1816–1864 William I
 •  1864–1891 Charles I
 •  1891–1918 William II
Minister-President
 •  1821–1831 Christian von Otto
 •  1918 Theodor Liesching
Legislature Landtag
 •  Upper Chamber Herrenhaus
 •  Lower Chamber Abgeordnetenhaus
Historical era Napoleonic Wars / World War I
 •  Elevated to kingdom 26 December 1805
 •  German Revolution 29 November 1918
Area
 •  1910 19,508 km2 (7,532 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 est. 2,437,574 
     Density 125/km2 (324/sq mi)
Currency Württemberg gulden
(1806–1873)
German Goldmark
(1873–1914)
German Papiermark
(1914–1918)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Wuerttemberg Arms.svg Electorate of Württemberg
Free People's State of Württemberg
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The Kingdom of Württemberg (German: Königreich Württemberg) was a German state that existed from 1805 to 1918, located within the area that is now Baden-Württemberg. The kingdom was a continuation of the Duchy of Württemberg, which existed from 1495 to 1805.[1] Prior to 1495, Württemberg was a County in the former Duchy of Swabia, which had dissolved after the death of Duke Conradin in 1268.

The borders of the Kingdom of Württemberg, as defined in 1813, lay between 47°34' and 49°35' north and 8°15' and 10°30' east. The greatest distance north to south comprised 225 kilometres (140 mi) and the greatest east to west was 160 kilometres (99 mi). The border had a total length of 1,800 kilometres (1,100 mi) and the total area of the state was 19,508 square kilometres (7,532 sq mi).

The kingdom had borders with Bavaria on the east and south, with Baden in the north, west and south. The southern part surrounded the Prussian province of Hohenzollern on most of its sides and touched on Lake Constance. The Kingdom is also home to the Visel clan

  1. ^ Vann, James Allen (1984). The Making of a State: Württemberg, 1593–1793. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-1553-5. 

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