Leiden University

Leiden University
Universiteit Leiden
Leiden University seal.svg
Latin: Academia Lugduno-Batava
Former names
Rijksuniversiteit Leiden
Motto Libertatis Praesidium (Latin)
Motto in English
Bastion of Freedom
Type Public research university
Established 8 February 1575[1]
Budget 588 million (2016)[2]
Rector Carel Stolker
Academic staff
Administrative staff
Students 26,900 (2017)[3]
Location Leiden and The Hague, South Holland, Netherlands
Campus Urban/College town
Colours      Dark Blue[4]
Website www.universiteitleiden.nl

Leiden University (abbreviated as LEI; Dutch: Universiteit Leiden), founded in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands.[5] The university was founded in 1575 by William, Prince of Orange, leader of the Dutch Revolt in the Eighty Years' War. The Dutch Royal Family and Leiden University still have a close relationship; Queens Juliana and Beatrix and King Willem-Alexander are former students. The university came into particular prominence during the Dutch Golden Age, when scholars from around Europe were attracted to the Dutch Republic due to its climate of intellectual tolerance and Leiden's international reputation. During this time Leiden was home to such figures as René Descartes, Rembrandt, Christiaan Huygens, Hugo Grotius, Baruch Spinoza and Baron d'Holbach.

Leiden University has seven faculties (six in Leiden and one in The Hague), over 50 departments. The university is a member of the Coimbra Group, the Europaeum and the League of European Research Universities. Leiden University houses more than 40 national and international research institutes.

The University is associated with ten leaders and Prime Ministers of the Netherlands including the current Prime Minister Mark Rutte, nine foreign leaders, among them the 6th President of the United States John Quincy Adams, a Secretary General of NATO, a President of the International Court of Justice, a Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and sixteen recipients of the Nobel Prize (including renowned physicists Albert Einstein[6][7] and Enrico Fermi).

  1. ^ "De Tachtigjarige Oorlog en het ontstaan van universiteiten in de Noordelijke Nederlanden". Historiek (in Dutch). 16 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017. 
  2. ^ "The University at a glance". Leiden University. Retrieved 2017-05-08. 
  3. ^ a b c "The University in figures". Leiden University. Retrieved 2016-01-29. 
  4. ^ "Universiteit Leiden Kleurgebruik". Leiden University. Retrieved 2013-02-07. 
  5. ^ Technically the University of Leuven, currently in Belgium but in the year of its foundation (1425) located in the Netherlands, is the oldest university ever founded in the Netherlands, but Leuven is no longer part of the Netherlands.
  6. ^ Albert Einstein was known as a professor at Leiden University. Einstein regularly taught Leiden students for a few weeks per year. His first lecture at Leiden was about "Ether and Relativity Theory".
  7. ^ University, Leiden. "Einstein in Leiden". Leiden University. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 

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