Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics
A golden medallion with an embossed image of a bearded man facing left in profile. To the left of the man is the text "ALFR•" then "NOBEL", and on the right, the text (smaller) "NAT•" then "MDCCCXXXIII" above, followed by (smaller) "OB•" then "MDCCCXCVI" below.
Awarded for Outstanding contributions for mankind in physics
Date 10 December 1901; 116 years ago (1901-12-10)
Location Stockholm, Sweden
Presented by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Reward(s) 9 million SEK (2017)[1]
First awarded 1901
Currently held by Rainer Weiss, Barry Barish and Kip Thorne (2017)
Most awards John Bardeen (2)
Website nobelprize.org
Wilhelm Röntgen (1845–1923), the first recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics.

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Swedish: Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901; the others being the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

The first Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to physicist Wilhelm Röntgen in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays (or x-rays). This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and widely regarded as the most prestigious award that a scientist can receive in physics. It is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel's death. Through 2017, a total of 206 individuals have been awarded the prize.[2]

Only two women have won the Nobel Prize in Physics: Marie Curie in 1903, and Maria Goeppert Mayer in 1963.[3]

  1. ^ "Nobel Prize amount is raised by SEK 1 million". Nobelprize.org. 
  2. ^ "All Nobel Prizes in Physics". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB. Retrieved 2016-01-19. 
  3. ^ "Nobel Prize Awarded Women". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media 2017. 2 February 2017. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 

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