Princeton, New Jersey

Princeton, New Jersey
Borough
Nassau Street, Princeton's main street
Nassau Street, Princeton's main street
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of the former Princeton Township (and enclaved Borough in pink), New Jersey
Census Bureau map of the former Princeton Township (and enclaved Borough in pink), New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°21′26″N 74°40′13″W / 40.357115°N 74.670165°W / 40.357115; -74.670165Coordinates: 40°21′26″N 74°40′13″W / 40.357115°N 74.670165°W / 40.357115; -74.670165[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Mercer
Incorporated January 1, 2013
Government
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Liz Lempert (D, term ends December 31, 2020)[3][4]
 • Administrator Marc D. Dashield[5]
 • Municipal clerk Linda McDermott[6]
Area[1]
 • Total 18.363 sq mi (47.560 km2)
 • Land 17.933 sq mi (46.444 km2)
 • Water 0.430 sq mi (1.115 km2)  2.34%
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9][10][11]
 • Total 28,572
 • Estimate (2016)[12] 31,249
 • Density 1,600/sq mi (600/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08540–08544[13][14]
Area code(s) 609 [15]
Website www.princetonnj.gov

Princeton is a municipality with a borough form of government in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, that was established in its current form on January 1, 2013, through the consolidation of the Borough of Princeton and Princeton Township. As of the 2010 United States Census, the municipality's population was 28,572, reflecting the former township's population of 16,265, along with the 12,307 in the former borough.[7][8][9][10][11]

Princeton was founded before the American Revolution and is best known as the location of Princeton University, located in the community since 1756. Although its association with the university is primarily what makes Princeton a college town, other important institutions in the area include the Institute for Advanced Study, Westminster Choir College, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton Theological Seminary, Opinion Research Corporation, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Siemens Corporate Research, SRI International, FMC Corporation, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Amrep, Church and Dwight, Berlitz International, and Dow Jones & Company.

Princeton is roughly equidistant from New York City and Philadelphia. It is close to many major highways that serve both cities (e.g. Interstate 95 and US Route 1), and receives major television and radio broadcasts from each. It is also close to Trenton, New Jersey's capital city, and Edison.

The governor of New Jersey's official residence has been in Princeton since 1945, when Morven in the borough became the first Governor's mansion. It was later replaced by the larger Drumthwacket, a colonial mansion located in the former Township. Morven became a museum property of the New Jersey Historical Society.

Princeton was ranked 15th of the top 100 towns in the United States to Live and Work In by Money Magazine in 2005.[16]

Although residents of Princeton (Princetonians) traditionally have a strong community-wide identity, the community had been composed of two separate municipalities: a township and a borough. The central borough was completely surrounded by the township. The Borough seceded from the Township in 1894 in a dispute over school taxes; the two municipalities later formed the Princeton Public Schools, and some other public services were conducted together before they were reunited into a single Princeton in January 2013. The Borough contained Nassau Street, the main commercial street, most of the University campus, and incorporated most of the urban area until the postwar suburbanization. The Borough and Township had roughly equal populations.

  1. ^ a b County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 20, 2015. Data was calculated by adding values for the pre-consolidation Princeton Borough and Township.
  2. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference Mayor was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ Home Page, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed January 24, 2017.
  5. ^ Administration, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed July 11, 2016.
  6. ^ Office of the Clerk, Princeton, New Jersey. Accessed July 11, 2016.
  7. ^ a b DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Princeton township, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Districts2011 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Princeton township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  10. ^ a b DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Princeton borough, Mercer County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 20, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Princeton borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 20, 2012.
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference PopEst was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Princeton, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 21, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Princeton, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 29, 2013.
  16. ^ Best Places to Live 2005: No. 15 – Princeton, NJ, Money (magazine), accessed November 2, 2006

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