Hate speech is speech which attacks a person or group on the basis of attributes such as race, religion, ethnic origin, sexual orientation, disability, or gender. In the law of some countries, hate speech is described as speech, gesture or conduct, writing, or display which is forbidden because it incites violence or prejudicial action against a protected group, or individual on the basis of their membership of the group, or because it disparages or intimidates a protected group, or individual on the basis of their membership of the group. The law may identify a protected group by certain characteristics. In some countries, hate speech is not a legal term and in some it is constitutionally protected.
In some countries, a victim of hate speech may seek redress under civil law, criminal law, or both. A website which uses hate speech may be called a hate site. Many of these sites contain Internet forums and news briefs that emphasize a particular viewpoint.
There has been debate over freedom of speech, hate speech and hate speech legislation. Critics have argued that the term "hate speech" is used to silence critics.
- ^ Definitions for "hate speech", Dictionary.com. Retrieved 25 June 2011
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- ^ "Criminal Justice Act 2003". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- ^ An Activist's Guide to The Yogyakarta Principles (PDF) (Report). November 14, 2010. p. 125.
- ^ Kinney, Terry A. (2008). "Hate Speech and Ethnophaulisms". The International Encyclopedia of Communication. Blackwell Reference Online. doi:10.1111/b.9781405131995.2008.x. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
- ^ "CNN's Chris Cuomo: First Amendment doesn't cover hate speech".
- ^ Volokh, Eugene (5 May 2015). "No, there's no "hate speech" exception to the First Amendment". Washington Post. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
- ^ Herz, Michael and Peter Molnar, eds. 2012. The content and context of hate speech. Cambridge University Press.
- ^ "George Orwell meets the OIC". Human Events. Retrieved 10 October 2014.