Chrome OS

Chrome OS
Google Chrome logo and wordmark (2015).png
Developer Google
Written in C, C++
OS family Linux[1]
Working state Preinstalled on Chromebooks, Chromeboxes, Chromebits, Chromebase
Initial release June 15, 2011; 6 years ago (2011-06-15)
Latest release 64.0.3282.144 (February 5, 2018; 18 days ago (2018-02-05)[2]) [±]
Latest preview
Beta

65.0.3325.89 (February 21, 2018; 2 days ago (2018-02-21)[3]) [±]

Dev
66.0.3344.0 (February 20, 2018; 3 days ago (2018-02-20)[4]) [±]
Update method Rolling release
Platforms x86, ARMv7
Kernel type Monolithic (Linux kernel)[5]
Default user interface WIMP-based [web browser] windows
License Google Chrome OS Terms of Service[6]
Official website www.google.com/chromebook/

Chrome OS is an operating system designed by Google that is based on the Linux kernel and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface. As a result, Chrome OS primarily supports web applications.[7]

Google announced the project in July 2009, conceiving it as an operating system in which both applications and user data reside in the cloud: hence Chrome OS primarily runs web applications. Source code and a public demo came that November. The first Chrome OS laptop, known as a Chromebook, arrived in May 2011. Initial Chromebook shipments from Samsung and Acer occurred in July 2011.

Chrome OS has an integrated media player and file manager. It supports Chrome Apps, which resemble native applications, as well as remote access to the desktop. A few Android applications have been available for the operating system since 2014. Reception was initially skeptical, with some observers arguing that a browser running on any operating system was functionally equivalent. As more Chrome OS machines have entered the market, the operating system is now seldom evaluated apart from the hardware that runs it.

Chrome OS is only available pre-installed on hardware from Google manufacturing partners. An open source equivalent, Chromium OS, can be compiled from downloaded source code. Early on, Google provided design goals for Chrome OS, but has not otherwise released a technical description.

  1. ^ Pichai, Sundar (July 7, 2009). "Introducing the Google Chrome OS". Official Google Blog. Google, Inc. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Stable Channel Update for Chrome OS". February 5, 2018. Retrieved February 6, 2018. 
  3. ^ Bernie Thompson (February 21, 2018). "Beta Channel Update for Chrome OS". Retrieved February 22, 2018. 
  4. ^ Josafat Garcia (February 20, 2018). "Dev Channel Update for Chrome OS". Retrieved February 20, 2018. 
  5. ^ "Kernel Design: Background, Upgrades". Google. Retrieved September 7, 2011. 
  6. ^ Google. "Google Chrome OS Terms of Service". Retrieved September 5, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Kernel Design". The Chromium Projects. 

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