Don't be evil

"Don't be evil" is the motto of Google's corporate code of conduct,[1] first introduced around 2000. Following Google's corporate restructuring under the conglomerate Alphabet Inc. in October 2015, Alphabet took "Do the right thing" as its motto, also forming the opening of its corporate code of conduct.[2][3][4][5][6] The original motto was retained, however, in the code of conduct of Google, now a subsidiary of Alphabet.[7]

The motto was first suggested either by Google employee Paul Buchheit at a meeting about corporate values that took place in early 2000[8] or in 2001[9] or, according to another account, by Google Engineer Amit Patel in 1999.[10] Buchheit, the creator of Gmail, said he "wanted something that, once you put it in there, would be hard to take out", adding that the slogan was "also a bit of a jab at a lot of the other companies, especially our competitors, who at the time, in our opinion, were kind of exploiting the users to some extent".[8]

While the official corporate philosophy of Google[11] does not contain the words "Don't be evil", they were included in the prospectus (on Form S-1) of Google's 2004 IPO (a letter from Google's founders, later called the "'Don't Be Evil' manifesto"): "Don't be evil. We believe strongly that in the long term, we will be better served—as shareholders and in all other ways—by a company that does good things for the world even if we forgo some short term gains."[12] The motto is sometimes incorrectly stated as Do no evil.[9][13]

  1. ^ "Code of Conduct". Google. Archived from the original on 2010-04-19. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  2. ^ Lawler, Richard (2 October 2015). "Alphabet replaces Google's 'Don't be evil' with 'Do the right thing". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved 7 October 2015. 
  3. ^ David Mayer (2 September 2016). "Why Google Was Smart To Drop Its 'Don't Be Evil' Motto". Fast Company. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  4. ^ Tanya Basu (4 October 2015). "New Google Parent Company Drops 'Don't be Evil' Motto". Time. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "Code of Conduct". Google. Archived from the original on 2015-10-04. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  6. ^ "Alphabet Code of Conduct". Alphabet. 2 October 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Google Code of Conduct". Alphabet. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "Paul Buchheit on Gmail, AdSense and More". Blogoscoped. 25 January 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2013.  (quoting from: Jessica Livingston, Founders at Work, ISBN 978-1590597149)
  9. ^ a b Gleick, James, How Google Dominates Us, The New York Review of Books 
  10. ^ "Don't Be Evil or don't lose value?". The Sydney Morning Herald. AU. 15 April 2008. 
  11. ^ "Ten things we know to be true". Google Company. Google. Retrieved 25 November 2011. 
  12. ^ Ovide, Shira (23 June 2011). "What Would 2004 Google Say About Antitrust Probe?". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 2 October 2015. Our goal is to develop services that significantly improve the lives of as many people as possible. In pursuing this goal, we may do things that we believe have a positive impact on the world, even if the near term financial returns are not obvious..."Don't be evil. We believe strongly that in the long term, we will be better served—as shareholders and in all other ways—by a company that does good things for the world even if we forgo some short term gains. This is an important aspect of our culture and is broadly shared within the company... 
  13. ^ ndouglas (9 February 2006), "Don't be evil. Fact-check the company motto", Valleywag, Gawker 

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