Colombo

Colombo
කොළඹ
கொழும்பு
City
Metropolis
Clockwise from top left: BOC Tower, Colombo Skyline, Colombo Skyline (Gangaramaya Temple), Colombo Skyline (Galle Face), Old Parliament, Colombo Skyline (Gangaramaya Temple), BOC Tower and WTC Twin Tower, Independence Square, WTC Twin Tower
Clockwise from top left: BOC Tower, Colombo Skyline, Colombo Skyline (Gangaramaya Temple), Colombo Skyline (Galle Face), Old Parliament, Colombo Skyline (Gangaramaya Temple), BOC Tower and WTC Twin Tower, Independence Square, WTC Twin Tower
Official seal of Colombo
Seal
Colombo is located in Colombo District
Colombo
Colombo
Colombo is located in Sri Lanka
Colombo
Colombo
Coordinates: 6°56′04″N 79°50′34″E / 6.93444°N 79.84278°E / 6.93444; 79.84278Coordinates: 6°56′04″N 79°50′34″E / 6.93444°N 79.84278°E / 6.93444; 79.84278
Country  Sri Lanka
Province Western Province Flag (SRI LANKA).png Western Province
District Colombo District
Government
 • Municipal Council Colombo Municipal Council
 • Headquarters Town Hall
 • Mayor Rosy Senanayake (UNP)
Area
 • City 37.31 km2 (14.41 sq mi)
Elevation 1 m (3 ft)
Population (2011[2])
 • City 752,993
 • Density 20,182/km2 (52,270/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,323,826 (Area size 699 sqkm)[1]
 • Metro 5,648,000 (Area size 3,684 sqkm)
Time zone SLST (UTC+05:30)
Postal code 0xxxx
Area code(s) 011
Website www.colombo.mc.gov.lk

Colombo (English: /kəˈlʌmb/; Sinhalese: කොළඹ Kolamba, pronounced [ˈkəlɐmbɞ]; Tamil: கொழும்பு, translit. Koḻumpu) is the commercial capital[3] and largest city of Sri Lanka. According to the Brookings Institution, Colombo metropolitan area has a population of 5.6 million,[4][5][6][7] and 752,993[2] in the city proper. It is the financial centre of the island and a popular tourist destination. It is located on the west coast of the island and adjacent to the Greater Colombo area which includes Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the legislative capital of Sri Lanka and Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia. Colombo is often referred to as the capital since Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is within the urban area of, and a suburb of, Colombo. It is also the administrative capital of Western Province, Sri Lanka and the district capital of Colombo District. Colombo is a busy and vibrant place with a mixture of modern life and colonial buildings and ruins.[8] It was the legislative capital of Sri Lanka until 1982.

Due to its large harbour and its strategic position along the East-West sea trade routes, Colombo was known to ancient traders 2,000 years ago. It was made the capital of the island when Sri Lanka was ceded to the British Empire in 1815,[9] and its status as capital was retained when the nation became independent in 1948. In 1978, when administrative functions were moved to Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Colombo was designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.

Like many cities, Colombo's urban area extends well beyond the boundaries of a single local authority, encompassing other municipal and urban councils such as Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Municipal Council, Dehiwala Mount Lavinia Municipal Council, Kolonnawa Urban Council, Kaduwela Municipal Council and Kotikawatte Mulleriyawa Pradeshiya Sabha. The main city is home to a majority of Sri Lanka's corporate offices, restaurants and entertainment venues.[10] Famous landmarks in Colombo include Galle Face Green, Viharamahadevi Park, Beira Lake, Colombo Racecourse, Planetarium, University of Colombo, Mount Lavinia beach, Nelum Pokuna Theatre, Colombo Lotus Tower (under construction) as well as the National Museum.

  1. ^ "Britannica World Data". 1 March 2014. Encyclopedia Britannica 2014, pp726. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "A6 : Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012". Census of Population & Housing, 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  3. ^ "Colombo is the Commercial Capital". Official Sri Lanka government website. Archived from the original on 2014-12-20. Retrieved 2015-01-07. 
  4. ^ Kumarage A, Amal. "Impacts of Transportation Infrastructure and Services on Urban Poverty and Land Development in Colombo, Sri Lanka" (PDF). 1 November 2007. Global Urban Development Volume 3 Issue 1. Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "The 10 Traits of Globally Fluent Metro Areas" (PDF). 2013. Brookings Institution. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Colombo: The Heartbeat of Sri Lanka/ Metro Colombo Urban Development Project". 21 March 2013. The World Bank. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Turning Sri Lanka's Urban Vision into Policy and Action" (PDF). 2012. UN Habitat, Chapter 1, Page 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  8. ^ Jayewarden+-e, Mr. "How Colombo Derived its Name". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  9. ^ "History of Colombo". Archived from the original on 2011-12-02. Retrieved 2007-03-21. 
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference we1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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