Demographics of Sri Lanka

Demographics of Sri Lanka
Population of Sri Lanka, 1961-2003 (FAO, 2005)
Population 20,359,439 (2012 census)
Density 325/km2 (2012 census)
Growth rate 0.913% (2012 est.)
Birth rate 17.04 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Death rate 5.96 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
Life expectancy 75.94 years (2012 est.)
 • male 72.43 years (2012 est.)
 • female 79.59 years (2012 est.)
Fertility rate 2.17 children born/woman (2012 est.)
Infant mortality rate 9.47 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years 25.2% (2012 census)
15–64 years 66.9% (2012 census)
65 and over 7.9% (2012 census)
Sex ratio
Total 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
At birth 1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Under 15 1.04 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
15–64 years 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
65 and over 0.75 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Nationality noun: Sri Lankan(s)
adjective: Sri Lankan
Major ethnic Sinhalese (74.9%) (2012 census)
Minor ethnic
Official Sinhalese, Tamil
Spoken English

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Sri Lanka, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Sri Lanka is an island in the Indian Ocean also called Ceylon and many other names. It is about the size of Ireland. It is about 28 kilometres (18 mi.) off the south-eastern coast of India with a population of about 20 million. Density is highest in the south west where Colombo, the country's main port and industrial center, is located. The net population growth is about 0.7%. Sri Lanka is ethnically, linguistically, and religiously diverse.

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