Dominion of Ceylon

Ceylon[1]
1948–1972
Anthem
Sri Lanka Matha
Mother Sri Lanka


Royal anthem
God Save the Queen
Capital Colombo
Languages Sinhala · Tamil · English
Religion Buddhism · Hinduism · Christianity · Islam
Government Parliamentary democracy
Monarch
 •  1948–1952 George VI
 •  1952–1972 Elizabeth II
Governor-General
 •  1948–1949 Henry Monck-Mason Moore
 •  1949–1954 Lord Soulbury
 •  1954–1962 Oliver Ernest Goonetilleke
 •  1962–1972 William Gopallawa
Prime Minister
 •  1948–1952 Don Senanayake
 •  1952–1953 Dudley Shelton Senanayake
 •  1953–1956 John Lionel Kotalawela
 •  1956–1959 S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike
 •  1970–1972 Sirimavo Bandaranaike
Legislature Parliament of Ceylon
 •  Upper house Senate
 •  Lower house House of Representatives
Historical era 20th century
 •  Independence 4 February 1948
 •  JVP Insurrection 1971
 •  Republic 22 May 1972
Area
 •  1948 65,610 km2 (25,330 sq mi)
Population
 •  1948 est. 7,060,000 
     Density 108/km2 (279/sq mi)
 •  1956 est. 8,100,000 
     Density 123/km2 (320/sq mi)
 •  1962 est. 11,000,000 
     Density 168/km2 (434/sq mi)
 •  1971 est. 12,800,000 
     Density 195/km2 (505/sq mi)
Currency Ceylon Rupee
Preceded by
Succeeded by
British Ceylon
Sri Lanka
Ashley Havinden, Michael; David Meredith. Colonialism and development: Britain and its tropical colonies, 1850–1960. p. 12. 
"Sri Lanka". Retrieved 30 March 2010. 
"Ceylon Independent, 1948–1956". World History at KMLA. Retrieved 30 March 2010. 

Between 1948 and 1972, Ceylon[1][2] was an independent country in the Commonwealth of Nations that shared a monarch with Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, and certain other sovereign states. In 1948, the British Colony of Ceylon was granted independence as Ceylon. In 1972, the country became a republic within the Commonwealth, and its name was changed to Sri Lanka. It was an island country in South Asia, located about 31 kilometres (19.3 mi) off the southern coast of India.

  1. ^ a b The Sri Lanka Independence Act 1947 uses the name "Ceylon" for the new dominion; nowhere does that Act use the term "Dominion of Ceylon", which although sometimes used was not the official name.
  2. ^ International treaties also referred to the state as "Ceylon", not the "Dominion of Ceylon"; "Ceylon" was also the name used by the UN for the state.

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