Maithripala Sirisena

His Excellency
Maithripala Sirisena
මෛත්‍රීපාල සිරිසේන
மைத்திரிபால சிறிசேன
Maithripala- Russia (cropped).jpg
7th President of Sri Lanka
Assumed office
9 January 2015
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
Preceded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
Leader of the House
In office
3 May 2004 – 9 August 2005
President Chandrika Kumaratunga
Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa
Preceded by W. J. M. Lokubandara
Succeeded by Nimal Siripala de Silva
Minister of Defence
Assumed office
12 January 2015
President Himself
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
Preceded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
Minister of Mahaweli Development and Environment [N 1]
Assumed office
12 January 2015
President Himself
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe
Preceded by Susil Premajayantha
In office
23 November 2005 – 23 April 2010
President Mahinda Rajapaksa
Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
Succeeded by Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena
Minister of Health
In office
23 April 2010 – 21 November 2014
President Mahinda Rajapaksa
Prime Minister D. M. Jayaratne
Preceded by Nimal Siripala de Silva
Succeeded by Tissa Attanayake
Minister of Irrigation, Mahaweli and Rajarata Development[N 2]
In office
10 April 2004 – 23 November 2005
President Chandrika Kumaratunga
Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa
Minister of Mahaweli Development and Parliamentary Affairs
In office
President Chandrika Kumaratunga
Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
Preceded by S. B. Dissanayake
Succeeded by A. H. M. Azwer
Chairman of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party
Assumed office
15 January 2015
Preceded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
12th Chairperson-in-office of the Commonwealth of Nations
In office
9 January 2015 – 27 November 2015
Head Elizabeth II
Preceded by Mahinda Rajapaksa
Succeeded by Joseph Muscat
Member of the Sri Lankan Parliament
for Polonnaruwa District
In office
15 February 1989 – 9 January 2015
Succeeded by Jayasinghe Bandara
Personal details
Born Pallewatte Gamaralalage Maithripala Yapa Sirisena
(1951-09-03) 3 September 1951 (age 66)
Yagoda, Gampaha District, Dominion of Ceylon
Nationality Sri Lanka
Political party Sri Lanka Freedom Party
Communist Party of Ceylon
Other political
United People's Freedom Alliance
(2004–Present)[N 3]
New Democratic Front
(2014–2015)[N 4]
People's Alliance
Spouse(s) Jayanthi Pushpa Kumari
Children Chathurika
Alma mater Royal Central College, Polonnaruwa
Agriculture School, Kundasale
Maxim Gorky Literature Institute
Occupation Politician
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Pallewatte Gamaralalage Maithripala Yapa Sirisena (pronounced [pallewat̪t̪ə ɡaməraːləlaːɡeː majt̪ɾiːpaːlə jaːpaː siɾiseːnə]; Sinhalese: මෛත්‍රීපාල සිරිසේන; Tamil: மைத்திரிபால சிறிசேன; born 3 September 1951) is a Sri Lankan politician who is the 7th and current President of Sri Lanka, since 2015.[1][2] Although born in the Western Province, Sirisena hails from the North Central Province of the country and is the first president from that province. He is an agriculturist and does not belong to the Sri Lankan political elite.[3]

Sirisena joined mainstream politics in 1989 as a member of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and has held several ministries since 1994.[4] He was the general-secretary of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party and was Minister of Health until November 2014 when he announced his candidacy for the 2015 presidential election as the opposition coalition's "common candidate".[5][6] His victory in the election is generally viewed as a surprise, coming to office through the votes won from the alternative Sinhala-majority rural constituency and the Tamil and Muslim minority groups that have been alienated by the Rajapaksa government on post-war reconciliation and growing sectarian violence.[3][7][8][9] Their votes were more anti-Rajapaksa than pro-Sirisena.[10] Maithripala Sirisena pledged to implement a 100-day reform program where he promised to rebalance the executive branch within 100 days of being elected, by reinforcing Sri Lanka's judiciary and parliament, to fight corruption and to investigate allegations of war crimes from 2009, repeal the controversial eighteenth amendment, re-instate the seventeenth amendment and appoint UNP leader Ranil Wickremesinghe as Prime Minister.[11][12][13]

Sirisena was sworn in as the sixth Executive President before Supreme Court judge K. Sripavan in Independence Square, Colombo at 6.20pm on 9 January 2015.[14][15] Immediately afterwards he appointed Ranil Wickremesinghe as the new Prime Minister.[16][17] After being sworn in Sirsena stated that he would only serve one term.[18] On 28 April 2015, Sirisena voluntarily transferred significant presidential powers to parliament.[19][20]
Cite error: There are <ref group=N> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist|group=N}} template (see the help page).

  1. ^ "Sirisena to be sworn in as Sri Lanka's new president". Gulf Times. Agence France-Presse. 9 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Balachandran, P. K. (9 January 2015). "Sirisena Finally Romps Home With 51.28 Per Cent". The New Indian Express. 
  3. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference TG090115 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ "All you need to know about Maithripala Sirisena". The Hindu. 9 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "Central & South Asia Sri Lanka minister to challenge president". Al Jazeera. 21 November 2014. 
  6. ^ "Maithiripala Sirisena of SLFP emerges as common opposition candidate contesting Rajapaksa". TamilNet. 21 November 2014. 
  7. ^ "Sirisena Calls for Peace After Surprise Sri Lanka Victory". Bloomberg News. 9 January 2015. 
  8. ^ Crabtree, James (9 January 2015). "Maithripala Sirisena faces task of repairing Sri Lanka's image". Financial Times. 
  9. ^ Burke, Jason; Perera, Amantha (10 January 2015). "Sri Lanka's new president promises 'no more abductions, no more censorship'". The Guardian. 
  10. ^ Haviland, Charles. "Sri Lanka's life after Rajapaksa". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  11. ^ Bastians, Dharisha (22 November 2014). "No Maithri for Mahinda". Daily FT. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. 
  12. ^ Mallawarachi, Bharatha (21 November 2014). "Sri Lanka leader to face health minister in polls". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated Press. 
  13. ^ Srinivasan, Meera (22 November 2014). "Chandrika returns to politics". The Hindu. 
  14. ^ "Sirisena sworn in as Sri Lanka president". Al Jazeera. 9 January 2015. 
  15. ^ "Maithri sworn in". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 9 January 2015. 
  16. ^ Srinivasan, Meera (9 January 2015). "Sirisena deposes Rajapaksa". The Hindu. 
  17. ^ "Ranil new Prime Minister". The Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 9 January 2015. 
  18. ^ "Sri Lanka's new president appoints PM". Special Broadcasting Service. Australian Associated Press. 10 January 2015. 
  19. ^ Maithripala’s finest hour The Sunday Times, Retrieved 4 May 2015
  20. ^ The Monk and the Man who changed history Sunday Observer, Retrieved 4 May 2015

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