Non-Aligned Movement

Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
Map of the world indicating members and observers of the Non-Aligned Movement
  Member countries
  Observer countries
Location Jakarta, Indonesia (Headquarters)
Coordinating Bureau New York City, New York, U.S.
Membership[1]
  • 120 members
  • 17 observers
Leaders
• Principal decision-
making organ
Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries[2]
• Presidency
 Venezuela
• Secretary-General
Nicolás Maduro
Establishment 1961 in Belgrade as the Conference of Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries
Website
csstc.org

The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc. As of 2012, the movement has 120 members.[1]

The purpose of the organization has been enumerated as to ensure "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics," by Fidel Castro in the Havana Declaration of 1979.[3] The countries of the Non-Aligned Movement represent nearly two-thirds of the United Nations' members and contain 55% of the world population. Membership is particularly concentrated in countries considered to be developing or part of the Third World, though the Non-Aligned Movement also has a number of developed nations such as Argentina, Chile and Saudi Arabia, the latter of which is a member of the G20 (India is a G20 member as well).[4]

Although many of the Non-Aligned Movement's members were actually quite closely aligned with one or another of the superpowers, the movement still maintained cohesion throughout the Cold War, even despite several conflicts between members which also threatened the movement. In the years since the Cold War's end, it has focused on developing multilateral ties and connections as well as unity among the developing nations of the world, especially those within the Global South.

  1. ^ a b "NAM Members & Observers - 16th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement". Tehran. 26–31 August 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-02-08. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference organizational was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Fidel Castro speech to the UN in his position as chairman of the non-aligned countries movement 12 October 1979 Archived 11 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine.; "Pakistan & Non-Aligned Movement" Archived 2 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine.. Board of Investment – Government of Pakistan. 2003.
  4. ^ Grant, Cedric. "Equity in Third World Relations: a third world perspective". International Affairs 71, 3 (1995), 567–587.

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