South Asia

South Asia
South Asia (orthographic projection).svg
Countries and Territories[1]
Population 1.749 billion (2013)[2]
Population rank 1st (World)[3]
GDP (Nominal) $3.12 trillion[4][5]
GDP (PPP) $11.67 trillion[4]
Languages Primarily Indo-Aryan but also, Dravidian, Iranian, Austroasiatic and Sino-Tibetan languages, as well as some others
Time zones UTC+04:30, UTC+05:00, UTC+5:30, UTC+5:45, UTC+06:00
Capital cities
Largest cities

South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east. Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush. South Asia is bounded on the south by the Indian Ocean and on land (clockwise, from west) by West Asia, Central Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia.

The current territories of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka form South Asia.[7] The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic cooperation organisation in the region which was established in 1985 and includes all eight nations comprising South Asia.[8]

South Asia covers about 5.2 million km2 (2 million mi2), which is 11.71% of the Asian continent or 3.5% of the world's land surface area.[7] The population of South Asia is about 1.749 billion or about one fourth of the world's population, making it both the most populous and the most densely populated geographical region in the world.[3] Overall, it accounts for about 39.49% of Asia's population, over 24% of the world's population, and is home to a vast array of peoples.[9][10][11]

In 2010, South Asia had the world's largest population of Hindus, Jains and Sikhs. It also has the largest population of Muslims in Asia-Pacific region,[12][13] as well as over 35 million Christians and 25 million Buddhists.[14]

  1. ^ "The World Factbook: South Asia". Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. 
  3. ^ a b "South Asia Regional Overview". South Asian Regional Development Gateway. Archived from the original on 21 November 2008. 
  4. ^ a b "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. 
  5. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. 
  6. ^ Brunn, Stanley D.; Williams, Jack F.; Zeigler, Donald J., eds. (2003). "Cities of South Asia". Cities of the World: World Regional Urban Development (3 ed.). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. p. 332. ISBN 978-0847698981. 
  7. ^ a b "Afghanistan". Regional and Country Profiles South Asia. Institute of Development Studies. ;
    "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings: Southern Asia". United Nations Statistics Division. ;
    Arnall, A (24 September 2010). "Adaptive Social Protection: Mapping the Evidence and Policy Context in the Agriculture Sector in South Asia". Institute of Development Studies (345). ;
    "The World Bank". ;
    "Institute of Development Studies: Afghanistan". ;
    "Harvard South Asia Institute: "Afghanistan"". ;
    "The BBC. "Afghanistan"". ;
    "The Brookings Institution". ;
    "CIA "The World Factbook"". 
  8. ^ SAARC Summit. "SAARC". SAARC Summit. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Desai, Praful B. 2002. Cancer control efforts in the Indian subcontinent. Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology. 32 (Supplement 1): S13-S16. "The Indian subcontinent in South Asia occupies 2.4% of the world land mass and is home to 16.5% of the world population...."
  10. ^ "Asia" > Overview. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2009: "The Indian subcontinent is home to a vast diversity of peoples, most of whom speak languages from the Indo-Aryan subgroup of the Indo-European family."
  11. ^ "Indian Subcontinent". Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. Macmillan Reference USA (Gale Group), 2006: "The area is divided between five major nation-states, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and includes as well the two small nations of Bhutan and the Maldives Republic... The total area can be estimated at 4.4 million square kilometres, or exactly 10 percent of the land surface of Asia... In 2000, the total population was about 22 percent of the world's population and 34 percent of the population of Asia."
  12. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". 27 January 2011. 
  13. ^ "10 Countries With the Largest Muslim Populations, 2010 and 2050". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2017-02-07. 
  14. ^ Religion population totals in 2010 by Country Pew Research, Washington DC (2012)

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